Temperature ( DS18B20) and Orange Pi Zero

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT OF A LIQUID

Temperature measurement is possible with many sensors. Here we will use the DS18B20 sensor which is available in a waterproof version to measure for example the temperature of the water in a swimming pool.

Wiring

Connect as shown in the diagram the DS18B20

DS18B20 and Orange Pi Zero
  • black = ground
  • yellow = data on pin PA14
  • red = 3.3v
  • A 4.7kohm resistor between the 3.3v and the yellow data wire

One Wire bus activation

The DS18B20 provides temperature measurements on a “1-wire” serial bus. You have to configure the armbian system by running ‘armbian-config’, the equivalent of ‘raspiconfig’ on Raspberry.

$ armbian-config

Go to the “system” section and select “Hardware” then activate w1-gpio.

You must add the corresponding “overlay” in /boot/armbianEnv.txt:

The pin used is also specified. Here PA14 on an Orange pi-Zero. The 1wire bus requires a + pull-up resistor. We can add uses that of the orange-pi which is much higher than the 4.7kOhm.

To manage the dialogues on the 1-wire bus, it is essential to have control over the execution time of the processor. To do this, you need to be able to temporarily “freeze” the OS’s ability to preempt by adding modules to the Linux kernel.

We define these modules in the configuration file
/etc/modules-load.d/modules.conf

We can also add them by command

modprobe w1-therm
modprobe w1-gpio

Verifications

After a reboot of the system, you can check the presence of the probe by:

ls /sys/bus/w1/devices

The answer should look like the one below with a code 28 in mind which corresponds to a temperature sensor.
28-3c01b556793a w1_bus_master1

Check that the modules loaded in memory are correctly taken into account

lsmod

w1_therm et w1_gpio doivent être mentionnés.

We can check that the gpio pin is correctly taken into account by

cat /sys/kernel/debug/gpio
gpio-14 ( |onewire@0           ) out hi
gpio-17 ( |orangepi:red:status ) out lo

Measurements

The measurements are in folder 28 … located:

/sys/devices/w1_bus_master1/28-3c01b556793a

Read the w1-slave file, it contains 2 lines. There is the result in hexadecimal and the CRC check to validate the result.

98 01 55 05 7f a5 81 66 64 : crc=64 YES
98 01 55 05 7f a5 81 66 64 t=25500

At the end of the second line the temperature t = …. to be divided by 1000 gives the temperature of ° Celsius.

The measurements are performed periodically by the linux kernel. The w1_master_timeout file gives 10s base. This value adapts depending on the number of sensors on the line and the quality of the responses. A script written for example in python will read the w1-slave file and display the measurements or send them to a web client.